Common Questions about Infertility
- Posted on: May 2 2014
Infertility refers to an inability to get pregnant after trying for a year in women under 35 or after 6 months of trying in women over 35 years of age.
Is infertility a common condition?
According to the National Center for Health, statistics have shown that 20% of the women, in the age group of 15 to 44, had trouble conceiving by natural means.
Is infertility more commonly seen in females than males?
A female problem accounts for one-third of the causes of infertility, another one-third is due to problems in males. For the remaining portion, there are many unknown factors and problems that affect both males and females resulting in infertility.
What risk factors have been known to be associated with infertility?
There are multiple factors which can be causing increased risks of infertility. These include:
- Excessive drinking
- Drug use
- Radiation treatment
- Certain medication
- Excessive exercise
- Overweight/ underweight
- Pelvic infections
What are some common causes of infertility in women?
- Blockage in fallopian tubes
- Irregular menstrual cycles or not ovulating
- Advanced age of the female partner, or poor egg quality or low egg count
What factors increase infertility in women?
Factors that increase infertility in women include excessive exercise (that cause cycle irregularities), sexually transmitted diseases, aging, stress, poor nutrition, underweight, overweight, obesity, alcohol, tobacco smoking, and drug use
How does aging cause infertility problems?
As a woman’s age increases, her quality of eggs declines and so does her production of eggs. There are general health problems that may interfere with ability to conceive and carry a baby to full-term. Miscarriages increase when the maternal age is over 35 years.
How soon should you consult a Denver fertility doctor about infertility problems?
When considering problems with conception, if a woman under the age of 35 has not been able to conceive for a year, consulting a doctor is important. After a similar period of no success conceiving, men too must consider a fertility evaluation. Past age 35, after 6 months of not being able to conceive, women are advised to consult a clinician for fertility evaluation. Other factors requiring immediate attention include:
- No menstruation or period irregularity
- Painful periods
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Multiple miscarriages (more than one)
How do doctors determine the cause of infertility in a couple?
Doctors generally determine possible reasons for infertility through a detailed fertility examination. Questions about the lifestyle of the couple (do you smoke, drink, do recreational drugs etc.) are also investigated.
Poorly timed sex and mismatch with time of ovulation may also be factors, in which case, using an ovulation kit will help. Sometimes, there may be problems that aren’t detected easily and quickly, the process can be long and an emotional one, as you get to the root of the problem with your clinician and your partner. If something makes you uncomfortable, consider getting multiple opinions from doctors.
What examinations can I expect?
Some common examinations include:
- Blood tests for ovarian reserve.
- Ultrasound examinations.
- Sono HSG or Hysterosalpingography, which is a process of examining blockages in the uterus and fallopian tubes.
- Semen analysis on the male partner
- Physical exam
How is infertility treated?
In fertility is treated using a combination of regular monitoring along with medication, surgery, artificial insemination or artificial reproduction techniques.
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