Uterine Polyps & Fibroids info from an Infertility Doctor
- Posted on: Apr 5 2013
Uterine polyps and fibroids are female conditions that cause problems with fertility in women. The majority of fibroids are located within the uterine cavity, affecting an estimated 10-30% of women.
Depending on location, fibroids can cause symptoms such as spotting and pain in the pelvis. Fibroids may increase the risk of a miscarriage and premature labor in women.
Uterine polyps may also impact fertility and pregnancy. They can be especially troublesome in women attempting to conceive using in vitro fertilization, often needing to be removed by a gynecologist Denver trusts.
If left untreated, both conditions may lead to severe problems with fertility and other health concerns.
The Overall Appearance and Composition of Polyps and Fibroids
Uterine polyps consist of endometrial tissue that becomes overgrown. It arises from the inner lining of the uterus. They often develop where the uterine lining grows in excess and result in a number of problems, including irregular menses.
Polyps are round in shape, often attached to the wall of the uterus. They range in size from tiny millimeters to several centimeters in length. The larger sized polyps often contain small sized blood vessels, which can lead to other types of medical problems.
The composition of fibroids is different than polyps since they are primarily made up of muscle tissue. They generally grow in the muscle tissue of the uterus as well as inside the uterine cavity. While polyps regress with or without treatment, fibroids do not.
Symptoms of Uterine Polyps include:
- Heavy and irregular menstrual bleeding
- Spotting between periods
- Bleeding after menopause
- Vaginal pain
Symptoms of Fibroids include:
- Pressure and pain in the pelvis
- Extremely heavy and long periods
- Distended abdomen
- Pressure causing constant feeling of urination
- Painful intercourse
- Pain in back of legs
Treatment for Polyps and Fibroids
Women who are undergoing in-vitro treatment (IVF Colorado) and have polyps may experience an increase in risk for miscarriage. If the uterine polyps grow near the fallopian tubes, there can also be a significant interference with conception. The treatments used to remove polyps are highly effective, however recurrence is possible.
The treatment for polyp removal requires surgery, unlike the treatment for fibroids. While some types of fibroid tumors may require surgery, most effective treatment plans are non-invasive. There is a shorter recovery time required for fibroid treatment than polyps, although each case is unique and may require additional medical care.
It is important to speak with a fertility doctor about any questions or concerns that you may have, especially if you experience any symptoms associated with fibroids or uterine polyps.
Posted in: Infertility Treatment