IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) Colorado & South Dakota

When would you choose IVF treatment?

IVF, which is also known as in vitro fertilization, is a treatment for couples at Rocky Mountain Fertility Center in Castle Rock, Parker, CO and South Dakota that have been trying to conceive a child for over a year but have been unsuccessful. These couples, or individuals, may include an individual who has one of the following conditions: 

  • Unexplained Infertility
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine Fibroids
  • Ovulation Problems
  • Fallopian Tube Damage/Blockage
  • Low Sperm Count
  • Sterilization
  • Previous Tubal Ligation
Before IVF treatment is utilized to help with conception, couples have often attempted other therapies to assist with fertility such as intrauterine insemination or fertility drugs (to increase the production of eggs).

The process of in vitro fertilization (Rapid City and Denver IVF) involves five basic stagesin vitro fertilization denver colorado

  1. Stage 1: Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation
    1. (the process in which the ovaries are stimulated to make multiple oocytes)  During a normal menstrual cycle, while a group of oocytes (eggs) begins development only one progresses to maturity. In an effort to increase the chances for a pregnancy with IVF, it is necessary to stimulate multiple oocytes to develop. This increases the number of oocytes available for fertilization and transfer. IVF is performed in our Colorado location.
  2. Stage 2: Egg aspiration (oocyte retrieval)
    1. Despite the continuous growth of the follicle for more than 10 days, the egg does not complete the final maturation until a specific signal is given. This signal is given by the release of LH from the pituitary gland in the natural cycle. This release is blocked with the use of GnRH agonist or antagonist. During the IVF process, once it is determined the eggs are mature (by ultrasound assessment of the follicles and measurement of estradiol), this signal is given by the injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).
  3. Stage 3: Insemination (fertilization)
    1. It is necessary for the male partner to abstain from ejaculation for two to three days prior to producing a semen specimen used for the IVF procedure, but a longer period of abstinence is NOT advisable.  The staff will try to remind the male partner to ejaculate the day before or the day of the hCG injection.
  4. Stage 4: Embryo development and transfer
    1. When an egg is fertilized,  it can be identified by the presence of a male and female nucleus inside the egg.  These nuclei contain the genetic material from the sperm and the egg. This developmental stage only lasts for a few hours before the egg continues on to prepare for cell division and development of an embryo.
  5. Stage 5: Implantation and embryo support
    1. In the natural process of fertilization,  the lining of the uterus is made ready for implantation by a small cyst on the ovary called the corpus luteum.  The corpus luteum actually arises from the ruptured follicle.  The hormone progesterone is produced by the corpus luteum and helps to keep the lining of the uterus prepared for implantation of the embryo(s).

Frequently Asked Questions


How do you prepare for In Vitro Fertilization?

At the beginning of the IVF process, a couple will meet with an infertility specialist or reproductive endocrinologist and participate in a full screening. During this testing, a complete medical history will be taken, and numerous tests will be completed to detect any potential reproductive problems or transmittable diseases. Further tests may be recommended to provide the best possible outcome. To identify any possible blockages or irregularities in both the ovaries or fallopian tubes a sonohysterogram or hysterosalpingogram may be performed. Semen analysis may also be undertaken to gauge sperm count and health.

How long does it take?

The time required for each IVF process is not the same for every couple, and is dependent on the number of tests needed, the specific medication treatment plan, and if donor sperm or eggs are used. However, one cycle of IVF from initial consultation to embryo transfer could be completed in as little as six weeks, but usually takes between 10-14 weeks.

What medications are taken during IVF treatment?

Some patients take birth control before other medications are given to regulate their menstrual cycle. Next, a combination of gonadotropins and follicle-stimulating drugs are administered in the weeks leading up to egg retrieval. This is followed by an injection of HCG, or human chorionic gonadotropin, shortly before the eggs are harvested. At the beginning of pregnancy estrogen and progesterone are typically taken. Any other medications that will aid in the success of the IVF treatment may be recommended as well.

Are there any side effects?

Because several medications are taken during the IFV process there can be varying side effects from patient to patient. Most commonly, there may be abdominal pain, weight gain, bloating, and breast tenderness. Hormone injection side effects may include nausea, hot flashes, bruising, and swollen and painful ovaries. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a potentially serious condition with high doses of hormone medications and could increase the risk of miscarriage.

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Additional procedures utilized in conjunction with IVF

Guarantee your IVF Outcome

in vitro fertilization south dakotaEnsure the outcome of your IVF procedures; if live birth is not achieved after 3 cycles or attempts, you receive your money back. IVF insurance also includes coverage for pre-screening costs, consultations, medications, professional counseling & therapy and even travel expenses (if traveling over 250 miles). IVF cycles can be fresh or frozen. Get your quote in as little as 2 minutes at https://vitalitysolutions.com/quote

Rocky Mountain Fertility offers IVF Colorado trusts. Dr. Smith has received the Patient’s Choice Award for six straight years as an accomplished Denver fertility doctor.


Rocky Mountain Fertility Center proudly provides Parker, Castle Rock, Denver, CO and Rapid City South Dakota with IVF services. To learn more or to schedule an appointment call (303) 999-3877 or fill out a Contact Form here.

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