The Menstrual Cycle

If fertilization does not occur, the egg – together with the endometrium (lining of the uterus) – are excreted in the form of bleeding. This bleeding is called menstruation (period).The menstrual cycle is an interval between two periods. The distance between two menstrual cycles is most frequent between 21 to 35 days. The menstrual cycle is divided into three phases:

The Ovulation Calendar

Women who want to get pregnant should keep track of their menstrual cycle. You can make use of a tool, called the Ovulation Calendar, which is available on many health-related websites, such as WebMD. The ovulation calendar helps women to determine the fertile days, which is when it is possible to conceive. According to the ovulation calendar, women can determine useful facts such as:

Tracking Ovulation

There are many symptoms that can help keep track of fertile days and ovulation.

Best Time to Conceive

To get pregnant, woman should have sexual intercourse one or two days before ovulation and 24 hours after ovulation. Sperm cells remain alive for two to three days in female genital organ. An oocyte can survive only 24 hours after ovulation. If a woman has sexual intercourse near the time of ovulation, that increases the chance of conceiving.

These are the basic issues related to ovulation. Almost all ovulation problems can be classified in accordance with the division of ovulatory disorders, published by the World Health Organization (WHO). If there is any problem with ovulation, the couple should always consult a fertility doctor for help.


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