WHAT FACTORS INCREASE A WOMAN’S RISK OF INFERTILITY?

One of the main signs that a complication in ovulation has arisen is when women to begin having irregular periods, if not missing them altogether. Infertility in women contributes to only about one-third of the overall number of infertile couples.

AGE

One common cause of infertility within women is the presence of a poor ovarian reserve due to age. The ovarian reserve is the collection of remaining eggs that could be used for ovulation, which degrades in egg quality with each menstrual cycle.

When this reserve has run out, the women has achieved menopause, rendering her completely infertile. The age of a patient directly ties into her chances of infertility, with those women over the age of 35 having an increased chance of becoming infertile with each passing year.

WEIGHT

Women who are overweight -or significantly underweight- are potentially impeding the ability of their body to ovulate, rendering the patient either infertile or sub-fertile (regular cycles, decreased chance of pregnancy).

The most common way of examining this is to calculate the BMI of a patient. Every point beyond a BMI of 29 reduces the chance of pregnancy by 4%. Returning to a body weight healthy for the patients’ height can increase the frequency of ovulation, resulting in the release of more eggs ready for fertilization.

SMOKING/ALCOHOL

The consumption of either of these can negatively impact a woman’s ability to remain fertile. Each has the potential to damage the fallopian tubes, rendering the eggs inaccessible to sperm. Smoking in particular can also increase the chance of a miscarriage occurring and is thought to prematurely age the ovaries, resulting in a depleted ovarian reserve.

HORMONAL IMBALANCES

In some cases, infertility has occurred as the result of a hormonal imbalance within the uterus. If the uterus does not have enough FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) it will not ovulate an egg during the menstrual cycle. Contrary to this, if too much is present it may stimulate uterus to release an egg too early.

FALLOPIAN TUBE DAMAGE

Some women suffer from a condition called endometriosis, in which the lining of the uterus grows excess tissue that may scar. In these cases, it is possible for this scar tissue to encompass either the ovaries or the entrance to the tubes -or both- making it physically impossible for sperm to reach an egg to fertilize it.

You Might Also Enjoy...

The Importance of Tests Before Tubal Reversal

Reversing the effects of a tubal ligation is an increasingly viable option for many women seeking to have a child. Our expert explains the procedure and the need for a fertility evaluation and other tests in advance of the surgery.

What a Semen Analysis Can Tell Us

When you’re concerned about fertility, the process of finding out what is causing it can seem overwhelming. Our team is committed to breaking it down for you in easily understood steps. Here’s what you need to know about the semen analysis.

What Does a Basic Infertility Workup Entail?

Confused about infertility treatments and how to get started? Our nationally recognized team explains the basics, starting with an infertility workup and how we proceed from there to help make your dreams reality.

What Every Woman Should Know About Her Eggs

Have you ever wondered what’s happening to your eggs before they get started on that long journey down your fallopian tubes? And how does that relate to fertility? Our expert explains.

Are Some People More at Risk of Infertility Than Others?

You may be surprised to learn that infertility is a relatively common issue that affects about 15% of couples who’ve been trying to conceive for at least a year. Learn the common risk factors for infertility and how a specialist can help.

What Does Home Insemination Entail?

Home insemination is one of the many effective treatments available to people who are experiencing fertility issues. A nationwide leader in Reproductive Endocrinology discusses the procedure and the potential benefits of home insemination.